Modification of SnO2 Anodes by Atomic Layer Deposition for High Performance Lithium Ion Batteries

  • Nulati Yesibolati

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

Tin dioxide (SnO2) is considered one of the most promising anode materials for Lithium ion batteries (LIBs), due to its large theoretical capacity and natural abundance. However, its low electronic/ionic conductivities, large volume change during lithiation/delithiation and agglomeration prevent it from further commercial applications. In this thesis, we investigate modified SnO2 as a high energy density anode material for LIBs. Specifically two approaches are presented to improve battery performances. Firstly, SnO2 electrochemical performances were improved by surface modification using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD). Ultrathin Al2O3 or HfO2 were coated on SnO2 electrodes. It was found that electrochemical performances had been enhanced after ALD deposition. In a second approach, we implemented a layer-by-layer (LBL) assembled graphene/carbon-coated hollow SnO2 spheres as anode material for LIBs. Our results indicated that the LBL assembled electrodes had high reversible lithium storage capacities even at high current densities. These superior electrochemical performances are attributed to the enhanced electronic conductivity and effective lithium diffusion, because of the interconnected graphene/carbon networks among nanoparticles of the hollow SnO2 spheres.
Date of AwardMay 2013
Original languageEnglish (US)
Awarding Institution
  • Physical Science and Engineering
SupervisorHusam Alshareef (Supervisor)

Keywords

  • lithium ion battery
  • tin dioxide
  • atomic layer disposition
  • anode materials
  • ultrathin metal oxides

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