Modeling, Analysis, and Design of 5G Networks using Stochastic Geometry

  • Konpal S. Ali

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

Abstract

Improving spectral-utilization is a core focus to cater the ever-increasing demand in data rate and system capacity required for the development of 5G. This dissertation focuses on three spectrum-reuse technologies that are envisioned to play an important role in 5G networks: device-to-device (D2D), full-duplex (FD), and nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA). D2D allows proximal user-equipments (UEs) to bypass the cellular base-station and communicate with their intended receiver directly. In underlay D2D, the D2D UEs utilize the same spectral resources as the cellular UEs. FD communication allows a transmit-receive pair to transmit simultaneously on the same frequency channel. Due to the overwhelming self-interference encountered, FD was not possible until very recently courtesy of advances in transceiver design. NOMA allows multiple receivers (transmitters) to communicate with one transmitter (receiver) in one time-frequency resource-block by multiplexing in the power domain. Successive-interference cancellation is used for NOMA decoding. Each of these techniques significantly improves spectral efficiency and consequently data rate and throughput; however, the price paid is increased interference. Since each of these technologies allow multiple transmissions within a cell on a time-frequency resource-block, they result in interference within the cell (i.e., intracell interference). Additionally, due to the increased communication, they increase network interference from outside the cell under consideration as well (i.e., increased intercell interference). Real networks are becoming very dense; as a result, the impact of intercell interference coming from the entire network is significant. As such, using models that consider a single-cell/few-cell scenarios result in misleading conclusions. Hence, accurate modeling requires considering a large network. In this context, stochastic geometry is a powerful tool for analyzing random patterns of points such as those found in wireless networks. In this dissertation, stochastic geometry is used to model and analyze the different technologies that are to be deployed in 5G networks. This gives us insight into the network performance, showing us the impacts of deploying a certain technology into real 5G networks. Additionally, it allows us to propose schemes for integrating such technologies, mode-selection, parameter-selection, and resource-allocation that enhance the parameters of interest in the network such as data rate, coverage, and secure communication.
Date of AwardNov 2018
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Science and Engineering
SupervisorMohamed-Slim Alouini (Supervisor)

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