Experimental Investigation of the Quenching Processes of Fast-Moving Flames

  • Ariff Magdoom Mahuthannan

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

Abstract

The quenching of undesired flames by cold surfaces has been investigated for more than a century. The current quenching theory can predict simple configurations, this is not the case for real environments such as fuel management systems. Flames are sensitive to numerous parameters, such as fuel, mixture fraction, pressure, temperature, flow properties, acoustics, radiation, and surface interactions. The effects of some of these parameters are very well documented but there is a lack of information regarding the effects of acoustics and flow. This dissertation work will focus on improving the understanding of flow effect on the quenching of premixed gaseous flames. First, the effect of apparent velocity on flame quenching was investigated for different fuels and equivalence ratios. An experimental facility is designed such that the apparent flame velocity at which the flame enters and propagates through the channel can be varied without changing the initial mixture condition. High-speed (15,000 frames per second (FPS)) Schlieren and dynamic pressure measurement were used to measure the apparent flame velocity and to assess the flame quenching, respectively. This study showed that the high-speed laminar flames are harder to quench compared to self-propagating and turbulent flames. A similar trend was obtained for all the conditions investigated, lean and stoichiometric methane-air, lean propane-air, and lean ethylene-air mixtures. Further investigation was carried out to understand the quenching of high-speed laminar flames. The flame propagation through the channel was investigated using Hydroxyl (OH) planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF). This study showed that the OH intensity fell below the detection threshold in the later part of the channel when quenching is observed. Then, the influence of heat transfer was investigated using spatial and temporal evolution of the temperature in the quenching channel. A high-speed (10 kHz) filtered Rayleigh scattering (FRS) technique was used to measure the one-dimensional time-resolved temperature profile. Three different channel heights (H = 1.3, 1.5, 2.0 mm) were investigated. Based on the evolution of the temperature profile in the quenching channel, a new parameter was identified and the importance of its evolution on the flame quenching was discussed.
Date of AwardJul 2020
Original languageEnglish (US)
Awarding Institution
  • Physical Science and Engineering
SupervisorDeanna Lacoste (Supervisor)

Keywords

  • Flame quenching
  • Laminar flames
  • turbulent flames
  • High-speed flames
  • laser diagnostics
  • narrow channel

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