Zonal Detached-Eddy Simulation of Turbulent Unsteady Flow over Iced Airfoils

Yue Zhang, Wagdi G. Habashi, Rooh Ul Amin Khurram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presentsamultiscale finite-element formulation for the second modeofzonal detached-eddy simulation. The multiscale formulation corrects the lack of stability of the standard Galerkin formulation by incorporating the effect of unresolved scales to the grid (resolved) scales. The stabilization terms arise naturally and are free of userdefined stability parameters. Validation of the method is accomplished via the turbulent flow over tandem cylinders. The boundary-layer separation, free shear-layer rollup, vortex shedding from the upstream cylinder, and interaction with the downstream cylinder are well reproduced. Good agreement with experimental measurements gives credence to the accuracy of zonal detached-eddy simulation in modeling turbulent separated flows. A comprehensive study is then conducted on the performance degradation of ice-contaminated airfoils. NACA 23012 airfoil with a spanwise ice ridge and Gates Learjet Corporation-305 airfoil with a leading-edge horn-shape glaze ice are selected for investigation. Appropriate spanwise domain size and sufficient grid density are determined to enhance the reliability of the simulations. A comparison of lift coefficient and flowfield variables demonstrates the added advantage that the zonal detached-eddy simulation model brings to the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model. Spectral analysis and instantaneous visualization of turbulent structures are also highlighted via zonal detached-eddy simulation. Copyright © 2015 by the CFD Lab of McGill University. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-181
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aircraft
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 23 2015

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Zonal Detached-Eddy Simulation of Turbulent Unsteady Flow over Iced Airfoils'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this