Yttrium stabilization and Pt addition to Pd/ZrO2 catalyst for the oxidation of methane in the presence of ethylene and water

Hassnain Abbas Khan, Junyu Hao, Omar El Tall, Aamir Farooq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Catalytic oxidation is the most efficient method of minimizing the emissions of harmful pollutants and greenhouse gases. In this study, ZrO2-supported Pd catalysts are investigated for the catalytic oxidation of methane and ethylene. Pd/Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 (Pd/YSZ) catalysts show attractive catalytic activity for methane and ethylene oxidation. The ZrO2 support containing up to 8 mol% Y2O3 improves the water resistance and hydrothermal stability of the catalyst. All catalysts are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), O2-temperature-programmed desorption (O2-TPD), and CO-chemisorption techniques. It shows that high Pd dispersion and Pd–PdO reciprocation on the Pd/YSZ catalyst results in relatively high stability. In situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier-transform (DRIFT) experiments are performed to study the reaction over the surface of the catalyst. Compared with bimetallic catalysts (Pd : Pt), the same amounts of Pd and Pt supported on ZrO2 and Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 catalysts show enhanced activity for methane and ethylene oxidation, respectively. A mixed hydrocarbon feed, containing methane and ethylene, lowers the CH4 light-off temperature by approximately 80 °C. This shows that ethylene addition has a promotional effect on the light-off temperature of methane.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11910-11917
Number of pages8
JournalRSC Advances
Volume11
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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