X-ray diffraction study of the structure of thin polyfluorene films

S. Kawana, M. Durrell, J. Lu, J. E. Macdonald, M. Grell, D. D.C. Bradley, P. C. Jukes, R. A.L. Jones, S. L. Bennett

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114 Scopus citations

Abstract

The molecular arrangement in thin films of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) and poly(9,9-dihexylfluorene) deposited on silicon substrates has been investigated with grazing incidence X-ray diffraction. In particular, the effect of the interface on the molecular orientation is highlighted. Both materials display a periodicity normal to the surface arising from stacked sheets of fluorene chains in both the crystalline and liquid crystalline phases. For the crystalline phase, a periodicity in the plane of the surface of 4.15 Å is observed corresponding to half the fluorene ring repeat distance along the backbone, consistent with interdigitating side-chains. For crystalline films deposited onto rubbed polyimide films, strong orientation effects are observed. In the liquid-crystalline phase, this strong in-plane ordering of backbones is lost. Poly(9,9-dihexylfluorene) exhibits an additional degree of ordering in the plane of the interface, which is likely to arise from hexagonal ordering of the backbone chains. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPolymer
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2002
Externally publishedYes

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