We demonstrate numerically that, through energy minimization on large spin lattices, one can write skyrmions in a thin magnetic film with a magnetic dipole of a few tens of nanometer in size. Nucleation of non-chiral skyrmions as well as chiral skyrmions formed by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction has been investigated. Analytical model is developed that agrees with the numerical results. It is shown that skyrmions can be written through a number of scenarios that depend on the experimental technique and parameters of the system. In one scenario, which branches into subscenarios of different topology, the magnetic dipole on approaching the film creates a skyrmion-antiskyrmion pair. As the dipole moves closer to the film, it induces collapse of the antiskyrmion and creation of a non-zero topological charge due to the remaining skyrmion. In a different scenario, the dipole moving parallel to the film nucleates a skyrmion at the boundary and then drags it inside the film. Possible implementations of these methods for writing topologically protected information in a magnetic film are discussed.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-02-23
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2016-CRG5-2977
Acknowledgements: This work has been supported by Grant No. OSR-2016-CRG5-2977 from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.