Water soluble nano-scale transient material germanium oxide for zero toxic waste based environmentally benign nano-manufacturing

A. S. Almuslem, Amir Hanna, Tahir Yapici, N. Wehbe, Elhadj Diallo, Arwa T. Kutbee, Rabab R. Bahabry, Muhammad Mustafa Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the recent past, with the advent of transient electronics for mostly implantable and secured electronic applications, the whole field effect transistor structure has been dissolved in a variety of chemicals. Here, we show simple water soluble nano-scale (sub-10 nm) germanium oxide (GeO) as the dissolvable component to remove the functional structures of metal oxide semiconductor devices and then reuse the expensive germanium substrate again for functional device fabrication. This way, in addition to transiency, we also show an environmentally friendly manufacturing process for a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology. Every year, trillions of complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) electronics are manufactured and billions are disposed, which extend the harmful impact to our environment. Therefore, this is a key study to show a pragmatic approach for water soluble high performance electronics for environmentally friendly manufacturing and bioresorbable electronic applications.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)074103
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume110
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2017

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