To ensure appropriate responses to stimuli, organisms have evolved signalling networks that rely on post-translational modifications of their components. Among these, protein phosphorylation has a prominent role and much research in plants has focused on protein kinases and phosphatases, which, respectively, catalyse phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of specific substrates. Technical limitations, however, have hampered the identification of these substrates. As reviewed here, novel mass spectrometry-based techniques have enabled the large-scale mapping of in vivo phosphorylation sites. Alternatively, methods based on peptide and protein microarrays have revealed protein kinase activities in cell extracts, in addition to kinase substrates. A combined phosphoproteomic approach of mass spectrometry and microarray technology could enhance the construction of dynamic plant signalling networks that underlie plant biology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science