Using alternative and renewable liquid fuels to improve the environmental performance of internal combustion engines: Key challenges and blending technologies

R. J. Pearson, J. W.G. Turner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the use of biofuels in spark-ignition and compression-ignition engines. The use of biodiesel in the form of FAME and HVO is discussed briefly before centring on the use of use of the low carbon number alcohols, methanol and ethanol; the use of butanol is also discussed. The physico-chemical properties of these pure fuels are described and the variation of these properties as the alcohols are blended with gasoline is quantified. The chapter also reviews the technologies which enable the operation of flexible-fuel vehicles, alcohol-gasoline bi-fuel vehicles, and tri-flex fuel vehicles. The concept of iso-stoichiometric ternary blends is introduced as a means of providing a more fungible platform for renewable liquid fuels. © 2014 Woodhead Publishing Limited All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAlternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies for Improved Environmental Performance: Towards Zero Carbon Transportation
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages52-89
Number of pages38
ISBN (Print)9780857095220
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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