This chapter focuses on the use of biofuels in spark-ignition and compression-ignition engines. The use of biodiesel in the form of FAME and HVO is discussed briefly before centring on the use of use of the low carbon number alcohols, methanol and ethanol; the use of butanol is also discussed. The physico-chemical properties of these pure fuels are described and the variation of these properties as the alcohols are blended with gasoline is quantified. The chapter also reviews the technologies which enable the operation of flexible-fuel vehicles, alcohol-gasoline bi-fuel vehicles, and tri-flex fuel vehicles. The concept of iso-stoichiometric ternary blends is introduced as a means of providing a more fungible platform for renewable liquid fuels. © 2014 Woodhead Publishing Limited All rights reserved.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies for Improved Environmental Performance: Towards Zero Carbon Transportation|
|Number of pages||38|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2014|