Unveiling the Role of CNTs on the Phase Formation of 1D Ferroelectrics

Amit Mahajan, I. M. Reaney, Pedro M. F. J. Da Costa, Angus I. Kingon, Zoltán Kónya, Akos Kukovecz, P. M. Vilarinho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have the potential to act as templates or bottom electrodes for three dimension (3D) capacitor arrays, which utilise one dimension (1D) ferroelectric nanostructures to increase memory size and density. However, growing a ferroelectric on the surface of CNTs is non-trivial. Here, we demonstrate that multi-walled (MW) CNTs decrease the time and temperature for formation of lead zirconium titanate Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3 (PZT) by ~100 ºC commensurate with a decrease in activation energy from 68±15 kJ/mol to 27±2 kJ/mol. As a consequence, monophasic PZT was obtained at 575 ºC for MWCNTs/PZT whereas for pure PZT traces of pyrochlore were still present at 650 ºC, where PZT phase formed due to homogeneous nucleation. The piezoelectric nature of MWCNT/PZT synthesised at 500 ºC for 1 h was proved. Although further work is required to prove the concept of 3D capacitor arrays, our result suggests that it is feasible to utilise MWCNTs as templates/electrodes for the formation of 1D PZT nano ferroelectrics.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6713-6720
Number of pages8
JournalLangmuir
Volume31
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 9 2015

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