Ultrapermeable, reverse-selective nanocomposite membranes

T. C. Merkel*, B. D. Freeman, R. J. Spontak, Z. He, Ingo Pinnau, P. Meakin, A. J. Hill

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

916 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polymer nanocomposites continue to receive tremendous attention for application in areas such as microelectronics, organic batteries, optics, and catalysis. We have discovered that physical dispersion of nonporous, nanoscale, fumed silica particles in glassy amorphous poly(4-methyl-2-pentyne) simultaneously and surprisingly enhances both membrane permeability and selectivity for large organic molecules over small permanent gases. These highly unusual property enhancements, in contrast to results obtained in conventional filled polymer systems, reflect fumed silica-induced disruption of polymer chain packing and an accompanying subtle increase in the size of free volume elements through which molecular transport occurs, as discerned by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. Such nanoscale hybridization represents an innovative means to tune the separation properties of glassy polymeric media through systematic manipulation of molecular packing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-522
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume296
Issue number5567
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 19 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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