Ultra-small InGaN green micro-light-emitting diodes fabricated by selective passivation of p-GaN

Zhe Zhuang, Daisuke Iida, Martin Velazquez-Rizo, Kazuhiro Ohkawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Here, we proposed fabricating ultra-small InGaN-based micro-light-emitting diodes (µLEDs). The selective p-GaN areas were intentionally passivated using a H2 plasma treatment and served as the electrical isolation regions to prevent the current from injecting into the InGaN quantum wells below. Three kinds of green µLEDs, two squircle shapes with widths of 5 and 4 µm and one circular shape with a diameter of 2.7 µm, were successfully realized. The currentvoltage characteristics indicate that the series resistance and the turn-on voltage increase as the dimension of the µLED decreases. This originates from the diffusion of the hydrogen atoms into the unexpected conductive p-GaN area. The light output power density and the calculated external quantum efficiency of the µLEDs from a 5-µm-squircle to a 2.7-µm-circle were enhanced by 10−20% when compared to 98 × 98 µm2 µLEDs that were fabricated using mesa etching
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5092
JournalOptics Letters
Volume46
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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