Ultra-Low Power Corrosion Sensor Made of Iron Nanowires on Magnetic Tunnel Junctions

Yousof Mashraei, Selma Amara, Zahra Albu, Yurii P. Ivanov, Jürgen Kosel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Corrosion sensors are of critical importance for monitoring the destructive potential of a corrosive environment. Due to their large surface-to-volume area, nanowires react with a remarkably high speed, rendering them attractive corrosion-sensing elements. To avoid the difficulties related to contacting nanowires, the authors present a magnetic approach, exploiting the fast reaction of nanowires to the environment. Iron nanowires have a high magnetization value, which decreases upon nanowire corrosion. Due to shape anisotropy, they also possess a large remnant magnetization, which is detectable by a magnetic tunnel junction sensor. Iron nanowires are fabricated by electrochemical deposition, placed on top of the magnetic tunnel junction and aligned using a magnetic field. The nanowires provide a bias field causing a change of the characteristic curve of the tunnel junction. The corrosion sensor is tested in a saline solution, where the nanowires corroded, leading to a reduction of the bias field and restoration of the original characteristic. Combined, the nanowires and tunnel junction realize a highly integrated sensor concept that enables corrosion sensing with an ultra-low power consumption of less than 1 nW, a sensitivity of 0.1%/min, a response time of 30 min and a sensor area of only 128 μm2.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1800337
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

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