Tuning the electronic and photophysical properties of heteroleptic iridium(iii) phosphorescent emitters through ancillary ligand substitution: A theoretical perspective

Huifang Li, Paul Winget, Chad Risko, John S. Sears, Jean-Luc Bredas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development and application of phosphorescent emitters in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have played a critical role in the push to commercialization of OLED-based display and lighting technologies. Here, we use density functional theory methods to study how modifying the ancillary ligand influences the electronic and photophysical properties of heteroleptic bis(4,6-difluorophenyl) pyridinato-N,C [dfppy] iridium(iii) complexes. We examine three families of bidentate ancillary ligands based on acetylacetonate, picolinate, and pyridylpyrazolate. It is found that the frontier molecular orbitals of the heteroleptic complexes can be substantially modulated both as a function of the bidentate ligand family and of the substitution patterns within a family. As a consequence, considerable control over the first absorption and phosphorescence emission transitions, both of which are dominated by one-electron transitions between the HOMO and LUMO, is obtained. Tuning the nature of the ancillary ligand, therefore, can be used to readily modulate the photophysical properties of the emitters, providing a powerful tool in the design of the emitter architecture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6293-6302
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume15
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - May 7 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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