Tuning delocalization in the radical cations of 1,4-bis[4-(diarylamino) styryl]benzenes, 2,5-bis[4-(diarylamino)styryl]thiophenes, and 2,5-bis[4-(diarylamino)styryl]pyrroles through substituent effects

Stephen Barlow*, Chad Risko, Susan A. Odom, Shijun Zheng, Veaceslav Coropceanu, Luca Beverina, Jean-Luc Bredas, Seth R. Marder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Radical cations have been generated for 10 bis[4-(diarylamino)styryl]arenes and heteroarenes to investigate the effect of the electron-richness of the terminal groups and of the bridging (hetero)arene on delocalization. The intervalence charge-transfer bands of these radical cations vary from weak broad Gaussians, indicative of localized class-II mixed-valence species, to strong relatively narrow asymmetric bands, characteristic of delocalized class-III bis(diarylamino) species, to narrow symmetric bands in cases where the bridge contribution to the singly occupied molecular orbital is largest. Hush analysis of these bands yields estimates of the electronic coupling varying from 480 cm -1 (electron-poor bridge, most electron-rich terminal aryl groups) to 1000 cm -1 (electron-rich bridge, least electron-rich termini) if the diabatic electron-transfer distance, R ab, is equated to the N-N separation. Computational and electron spin resonance (ESR) evidence for displacement of the diabatic states into the bridge (reduced R ab) suggests that these values are underestimates and that even more variation is to be expected through the series. Several dications have also been studied. The vis-NIR absorption of the dication of (E,E)-1,4-bis{4-[bis(4-n-butoxyphenyl) amino]styryl}-2,5-dicyanobenzene is seen at an energy similar to that of the strongest band in the spectrum of the corresponding weakly coupled monocation, with approximately twice the absorptivity, and its ESR spectrum suggests essentially noninteracting radical centers. In contrast, the electronic spectra of class-III monocations show no clear relationship to those of the corresponding dications, which ESR reveals to be singlet species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10146-10155
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume134
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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