Tri-isopropylsilylethynyl (TIPS)-functionalized polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecules incorporate structural components of graphene nanoribbons and represent a family of model molecules that form organic crystal semiconductors for electronic devices. Here, we report a series of TIPS-functionalized PAHs and discuss their electronic properties and crystal packing features. We observe that these soluble compounds easily form one-dimensional (1 D) packing arrangements and allow a direct evolution of the π stacking by varying the geometric shape. We find that the aspect ratio between length and width plays an important role on crystal packing. Our result indicates that when the PAH molecules have zigzag edges, these can provide enough volume for the molecules to rotate and reorient, alleviating the unfavorable electrostatic interactions found in perfectly cofacial π-π stacking. Density functional theory calculations were carried out to provide insights into how the molecular geometric shape influences the electronic structure and transport properties. The calculations indicate that, among the compounds studied here, "brick-layer" stacks provide the highest hole mobility. Top TIPS: A series of triisopropylsilylethynyl (TIPS) functionalized polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were synthesized (see figure). There is a direct evolution of the π-stacking arrangements from "cofacial" stacks to "slipped" and "brick-layer" stacks by varying the geometric shape. These compounds easily form low-dimensional charge-transport systems.
- organic electronics
- polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
- single crystals
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