Treatment of highly concentrated wastewater containing multiple synthetic dyes by a combined process of coagulation/flocculation and nanofiltration

Can Zeng Liang, Shi Peng Sun*, Fu Yun Li, Yee Kang Ong, Tai-Shung Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

298 Scopus citations

Abstract

The treatments of dyes (acid, basic and reactive dyes) wastewater were studied by applying individual coagulation/flocculation (CF) and nanofiltration (NF) processes as well as their combination (referred as CF-NF). For the treatment of highly concentrated multiple dyes wastewater (MDW, 1000ppm), polyaluminum chloride (PAC) and polydiallyldimethyl ammonium chloride (PDDA) were found to be the most effective coagulant and flocculant, respectively. The CF process can achieve about 90% of dye removal at the optimal dosage of PAC/PDDA=400/200ppm, and the MDW with pH>3 is favorable for the CF treatment. A positively charged NF hollow fiber membrane was fabricated and used for NF treatment. It is able to remove almost 100% dyes with a permeate flux of about 1.0Lm-2h-1 under an operating pressure of 1bar. The combination of CF and NF can complement each other[U+05F3]s strengths and overcome their individual limitations. The NF treatment can completely remove the strong color left in CF treated dye solutions, while the efficiency of coagulant/flocculant is improved by treating NF concentrated streams and subsequently results in much less sludge. In addition, membrane fouling is abated and NF permeate flux is increased by applying the CF process as a pretreatment. Thus, the combination of CF-NF improves the overall performance for the dyes wastewater treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-315
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume469
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

Keywords

  • Coagulation/flocculation
  • Hollow fiber membranes
  • Multiple dye wastewater
  • Nanofiltration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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