Transitions and excitations in a superfluid stream passing small impurities

Florian Pinsker, Natalia G. Berloff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We analyze asymptotically and numerically the motion around a single impurity and a network of impurities inserted in a two-dimensional superfluid. The criticality for the breakdown of superfluidity is shown to occur when it becomes energetically favorable to create a doublet—the limiting case between a vortex pair and a rarefaction pulse on the surface of the impurity. Depending on the characteristics of the potential representing the impurity, different excitation scenarios are shown to exist for a single impurity as well as for a lattice of impurities. Depending on the lattice characteristics it is shown that several regimes are possible: dissipationless flow, excitations emitted by the lattice boundary, excitations created in the bulk, and the formation of large-scale structures.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume89
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 8 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Transitions and excitations in a superfluid stream passing small impurities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this