Tracking deforming objects by filtering and prediction in the space of curves

Ganesh Sundaramoorthi*, Andrea Mennucci, Stefano Soatto, Anthony Yezzi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

We propose a dynamical model-based approach for tracking the shape and deformation of highly deforming objects from time-varying imagery. Previous works have assumed that the object deformation is smooth, which is realistic for the tracking problem, but most have restricted the deformation to belong to a finite-dimensional group, such as affine motions, or to finitely-parameterized models. This, however, limits the accuracy of the tracking scheme. We exploit the smoothness assumption implicit in previous work, but we lift the restriction to finite-dimensional motions/deformations. To do so, we derive analytical tools to define a dynamical model on the (infinitedimensional) space of curves. To demonstrate the application of these ideas to object tracking, we construct a simple dynamical model on shapes, which is a first-order approximation to any dynamical system. We then derive an associated nonlinear filter that estimates and predicts the shape and deformation of a object from image measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 48th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control held jointly with 2009 28th Chinese Control Conference, CDC/CCC 2009
Pages2395-2401
Number of pages7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Event48th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control held jointly with 2009 28th Chinese Control Conference, CDC/CCC 2009 - Shanghai, China
Duration: Dec 15 2009Dec 18 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control
ISSN (Print)0191-2216

Other

Other48th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control held jointly with 2009 28th Chinese Control Conference, CDC/CCC 2009
CountryChina
CityShanghai
Period12/15/0912/18/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Control and Optimization

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