Toward risk aware mission planning for autonomous underwater vehicles

Arvind A. Pereira*, Jonathan Binney, Burton Jones, Matthew Ragan, Gaurav S. Sukhatme

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long range and high endurance Autonomous Underwater Vehicles such as gliders enable sustained oceanographic sampling at larger time-scales and much lower operational costs compared to traditional ship-based sampling methods. While most path-planning methods for AUVs optimize paths with respect to efficiency, obstacle avoidance, and control they do not explicitly address the issue of finding the safest possible path when considering risks such as shipping traffic and bathymetry. In coastal regions with high shipping traffic, reducing collision risk at the path planning stage, at the expense of efficiency, is a worthwhile trade-off. We propose a method of building risk maps using historical data from the Automated Information System. These are used to plan minimum risk paths between a specified start and goal location, while avoiding obstacles, using an algorithm based on A* search. Our planner incorporates the uncertainty in dead-reckoning without explicitly considering the effect of ocean currents. We compare the relative risk of paths produced by our method when compared to a shortest-path planner which does not take risk into account, and show that our methods performs significantly better, while producing competitive paths lengths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIROS'11 - 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
Subtitle of host publicationCelebrating 50 Years of Robotics
Pages3147-3153
Number of pages7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 29 2011
Event2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: Celebrating 50 Years of Robotics, IROS'11 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Sep 25 2011Sep 30 2011

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems

Other

Other2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: Celebrating 50 Years of Robotics, IROS'11
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period09/25/1109/30/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Science Applications

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