Thin film composite membranes on ceramic for pervaporation dehydration of isopropanol

Gui Min Shi, Tai-Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have developed novel thin film composite (TFC) membranes on ceramic substrates (referred as ceramic TFC membranes thereafter) for pervaporation dehydration of isopropanol (IPA) by using interfacial polymerization (IP) of m-phenylenediamine (MPD) and trymesoylchoride (TMC) to create ultra-thin polyamide films as selective layers. Prior to IP, a gutter layer of polydopamine (PDA) or polyethyleneimine (PEI) was deposited on α-alumina ceramic surfaces to improve the adhesion of polyamide thin films onto the ceramic. It was found that the PEI-coated ceramic substrate provided better adhesion with the polyamide thin film than the original and PDA-coated ones owing to its smoother surface. Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was employed to seal defects on ceramic TFC membranes and significantly improved the performance of pervaporation dehydration of IPA with a flux of 6.05kg/m2h and a separation factor 1396 at 80°C. Moreover, the developed ceramic TFC membrane shows high stability after 120h operation. Positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) analyses revealed that the newly developed membrane has an ultrathin polyamide layer of 79nm and a PDMS coating of ~26nm. This study demonstrates the promising application of ceramic TFC membranes for pervaporation dehydration of organic solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-43
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume448
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2013

Keywords

  • Ceramic
  • Interfacial polymerization
  • PAS
  • Pervaporation
  • Thin film composite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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