Thermal radiation effects on magnetohydrodynamic free convection heat and mass transfer from a sphere in a variable porosity regime

Vallampati Ramachandra Ramachandra Prasad, Buddakkagari Vasu, Osman Anwar Bég, Rana Parshad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

A mathematical model is presented for multiphysical transport of an optically-dense, electrically-conducting fluid along a permeable isothermal sphere embedded in a variable-porosity medium. A constant, static, magnetic field is applied transverse to the cylinder surface. The non-Darcy effects are simulated via second order Forchheimer drag force term in the momentum boundary layer equation. The surface of the sphere is maintained at a constant temperature and concentration and is permeable, i.e. transpiration into and from the boundary layer regime is possible. The boundary layer conservation equations, which are parabolic in nature, are normalized into non-similar form and then solved numerically with the well-tested, efficient, implicit, stable Keller-box finite difference scheme. Increasing porosity (ε) is found to elevate velocities, i.e. accelerate the flow but decrease temperatures, i.e. cool the boundary layer regime. Increasing Forchheimer inertial drag parameter (Λ) retards the flow considerably but enhances temperatures. Increasing Darcy number accelerates the flow due to a corresponding rise in permeability of the regime and concomitant decrease in Darcian impedance. Thermal radiation is seen to reduce both velocity and temperature in the boundary layer. Local Nusselt number is also found to be enhanced with increasing both porosity and radiation parameters. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)654-671
Number of pages18
JournalCommunications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Numerical Analysis

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