The X Files: “The Mystery of X Chromosome Instability in Alzheimer’s Disease”

Vladan P. Bajic, Magbubah Essack, Lada Zivkovic, Alan Stewart, Sonja Zafirovic, Vladimir B. Bajic, Takashi Gojobori, Esma Isenovic, Biljana Spremo-Potparevic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that affects millions of individuals worldwide and can occur relatively early or later in life. It is well known that genetic components, such as the amyloid precursor protein gene on chromosome 21, are fundamental in early-onset AD (EOAD). To date, however, only the apolipoprotein E4 (ApoE4) gene has been proved to be a genetic risk factor for late-onset AD (LOAD). In recent years, despite the hypothesis that many additional unidentified genes are likely to play a role in AD development, it is surprising that additional gene polymorphisms associated with LOAD have failed to come to light. In this review, we examine the role of X chromosome epigenetics and, based upon GWAS studies, the PCDHX11 gene. Furthermore, we explore other genetic risk factors of AD that involve X-chromosome epigenetics.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFrontiers in Genetics
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 28 2020

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The X Files: “The Mystery of X Chromosome Instability in Alzheimer’s Disease”'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this