Radiology is one of themain tools inmodernmedicine.Anumerous set of deceases, ailments and treatments utilize accurate images of the patient. Ultrasound is one of the most frequently used imaging modality in medicine. The high spatial resolution, its interactive nature and non-invasivenessmakes it the first choice inmany examinations. Image interpretation is one of ultrasound’s main challenges. Much training is required to obtain a confident skill level in ultrasound-based diagnostics. State-of-the-art graphics techniques is needed to providemeaningful visualizations of ultrasound in real-time. In this paper we present the process-pipeline for ultrasound visualization, including an overview of the tasks performed in the specific steps. To provide an insight into the trends of ultrasound visualization research, we have selected a set of significant publications and divided them into a technique-based taxonomy covering the topics pre-processing, segmentation, registration, rendering and augmented reality. For the different technique types we discuss the difference between ultrasound-based techniques and techniques for other modalities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Modeling and Simulation
- Geometry and Topology
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
- Applied Mathematics