The Role of Shape on Electronic Structure and Charge Transport in Faceted PbSe Nanocrystals

Ananth P. Kaushik, Binit Lukose, Paulette Clancy

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have determined the effect of shape on the charge transport characteristics of nanocrystals. Our study looked at the explicit determination of the electronic properties of faceted nanocrystals that essentially probe the limit of current computational reach, i.e., nanocrystals from 1.53 to 2.1 nm in diameter. These nanocrystals, which resemble PbSe systems, are either bare or covered in short ligands. They also differ in shape, octahedral vs cube-octahedral, and in superlattice symmetry (fcc vs bcc). We have provided insights on electron and hole coupling along different facets and overall charge mobility in bcc and fcc superlattices. We have determined that the relative areas of (100) to (111) facets, and facet atom types are important factors governing the optimization of charge transport. The calculated electronic density of states shows no role of -SCH3 - ligands on states near the band gap. Electron coupling between nanocrystals is significantly higher than that of hole coupling; thiol ligands lower the ratio between electron and hole couplings. Stronger coupling exists between smaller nanocrystals. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2302-2317
Number of pages16
JournalACS Nano
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 21 2014
Externally publishedYes

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