The Role of Hydrodynamic Enhancement on Ignition of Lean Methane-Air Mixtures by Pulsed Nanosecond Discharges for Automotive Engine Applications

Daniel I. Pineda*, Benjamin Wolk, Tim Sennott, Jyh Yuan Chen, Robert Dibble, Daniel Singleton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The downsizing and boosting of automotive engines for increased fuel economy poses challenges in both obtaining stable ignition at boosted intake pressures and high dilution conditions. Pulsed nanosecond discharge ignition technologies have shown promise in more reliably igniting dilute charge mixtures in internal combustion engine experiments. However, reasons for this combustion enhancement remain unclear. In this study, we ignited lean methane-air mixtures in a constant volume chamber at 2 bar absolute pressure to evaluate pulsed discharge ignition using a novel electrode geometry. The in-chamber pressure history indicates faster flame development times than those produced by traditional inductive spark. High-speed schlieren imaging reveals a significant hydrodynamic component to the observed enhancement: a more wrinkled flame kernel structure and increased burning rates from increased flame surface area. Increasing the number of pulses increased expulsion of the flame kernel. Our results clarify the enhancement observed by other researchers in internal combustion engine experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2023-2037
Number of pages15
JournalCombustion Science and Technology
Volume189
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2017

Keywords

  • Ignition
  • Internal combustion engine
  • Plasma-assisted ignition
  • Pulsed nanosecond discharge
  • Transient plasma ignition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The Role of Hydrodynamic Enhancement on Ignition of Lean Methane-Air Mixtures by Pulsed Nanosecond Discharges for Automotive Engine Applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this