The Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Kinetic Resolution of Secondary Alcohols: Reaction Development, Scope, and Applications

Davidâ C. Ebner, Jeffreyâ T. Bagdanoff, Ericâ M. Ferreira, Ryanâ M. McFadden, Danielâ D. Caspi, Raissaâ M. Trend, Brianâ M. Stoltz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first palladium-catalyzed enantioselective oxidation of secondary alcohols has been developed, utilizing the readily available diamine (-)-sparteine as a chiral ligand and molecular oxygen as the stoichiometric oxidant. Mechanistic insights regarding the role of the base and hydrogen-bond donors have resulted in several improvements to the original system. Namely, addition of cesium carbonate and tert-butyl alcohol greatly enhances reaction rates, promoting rapid resolutions. The use of chloroform as solvent allows the use of ambient air as the terminal oxidant at 23 degrees C, resulting in enhanced catalyst selectivity. These improved reaction conditions have permitted the successful kinetic resolution of benzylic, allylic, and cyclopropyl secondary alcohols to high enantiomeric excess with good-to-excellent selectivity factors. This catalyst system has also been applied to the desymmetrization of meso-diols, providing high yields of enantioenriched hydroxyketones.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12978-12992
Number of pages15
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume15
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 2009
Externally publishedYes

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