The interactions of thiophene with polycrystalline UO2

Mohamed Nejib Hedhili, B. V. Yakshinskiy, T. W. Schlereth, T. Gouder, T. E. Madey*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    16 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    We have studied the adsorption and desorption of thiophene on polycrystalline UO2 as function of coverage, over the temperature range 100-640 K, using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and electron stimulated desorption (ESD). Thiophene is found to adsorb molecularly on stoichiometric UO2. C 1s and S 2p XPS spectra are measured at different thiophene exposures and at different temperatures; they show no evidence for the presence of dissociation fragments, confirming that thiophene adsorbs and desorbs molecularly on a polycrystalline stoichiometric UO2 surface. The variation of the S 2p and C 1s intensity as function of exposure, together with ESD measurements of O + as function of exposure, can be connected to the growth mode of a thiophene film on UO2; the thiophene film converts from a flat-lying configuration to an inclined structure as coverage increases. The effects of X-rays, UV, and electron irradiation on thiophene films have been studied in two different coverage regimes, monolayer and multilayer. Irradiation leads to a modification of thiophene films, and appreciable concentrations of species stable to 640 K are present on the surface for both regimes. The XPS results suggest that irradiation induces polymerization and oligomerization, as well as formation of thiolates and dissociation fragments of thiophene. The adsorption and reactivity of thiophene on defective UO2 surfaces have also been studied. The O vacancies and defects in the oxide surface cause cleavage of C-H and C-S bonds leading to the dissociation of thiophene at temperatures as low as 100 K. These results illustrate the important role played by O vacancies in the chemistry of thiophene over an oxide surface.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)17-33
    Number of pages17
    JournalSurface Science
    Volume574
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Surfaces and Interfaces
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Materials Chemistry

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