The Impact of Lithium Tungstate on the Densification and Conductivity of Phosphate Lithium Ion Conductors

Philipp Odenwald, Qianli Ma, Bambar Davaasuren, Enkhtsetseg Dashjav, Frank Tietz, Michael Wolff, Wolfgang Rheinheimer, Sven Uhlenbruck, Olivier Guillon, Dina Fattakhova-Rohlfing

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Phosphate lithium ion conductors are outstanding electrolyte materials for solid-state lithium batteries. As polycrystalline ceramics, they have to be sintered at high temperatures. Lithium tungstate Li 2 WO 4 (LWO) is reported for the first time as an effective sintering aid to reduce the sintering temperature for one of the most common solid-state lithium ion conductors, Li 1.5 Al 0.5 Ti 1.5 (PO 4 ) 3 (LATP). While densification of LATP without sintering aids requires temperatures of at least 950°C to obtain a relative density of 90%, here relative densities of 90-95% are achieved even at 775°C when 5 wt.% of LWO is added. At 800°C the LATP containing 5 - 7 wt.% LWO densifies to a relative density of 97.2%. The ionic conductivity of LWO containing LATP is generally higher than that of pure LATP sintered at the same temperature. LATP containing 7 wt.% LWO shows high ionic conductivity of 4.4 × 10 -4 S/cm after sintering at 825°C. A significant reduction in sintering temperature, an increase in density and in the ionic conductivity of LATP as well as its non toxicity render LWO a very promising sintering aid for the development of LATP-based solid state batteries.
    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalChemElectroChem
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 17 2021

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrochemistry
    • Catalysis

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