The first solution-processable n-type phthalocyaninato copper semiconductor: Tuning the semiconducting nature via peripheral electron-withdrawing octyloxycarbonyl substituents

Pan Ma, Jinglan Kan, Yuexing Zhang, Chunhua Hang, Yongzhong Bian, Yanli Chen*, Nagao Kobayshi, Jianzhuang Jiang

*Corresponding author for this work

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43 Scopus citations


A series of unsymmetrical phthalocyaninato copper complexes simultaneously incorporating electron-withdrawing and electron-donating substituents at the phthalocyanine periphery Cu{Pc(15C5)[(COOC8H17) 6]} (2), Cu{Pc[(adj-15C5)2][(COOC8H 17)4]} (3), Cu{Pc[(opp-15C5)2][(COOC 8H17)4]} (4), Cu{Pc(15C5) 3[(COOC8H17)2]} (5) were prepared and isolated. For comparative studies, symmetrical analogues including 2,3,9,10,16,17,24,25-octakis(octyloxycarbonyl)phthalocyaninato copper complex Cu[Pc(COOC8H17)8] (1) and 2,3,9,10,16,17,24,25- tetrakis(15-crown-5)phthalocyaninato copper complex Cu[Pc(15C5)4] (6) were also prepared. Their electrochemistry was studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). With the help of a solution-based self-assembly process, these compounds were fabricated into organic field effect transistors (OFETs) with top contact configuration on hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS)-treated SiO2/Si substrate. In line with the electrochemical investigation results, a p-type OFET with a carrier mobility (for holes) of 0.06 cm2 V-1 s-1 was shown for Cu[Pc(15C5)4] (6) with electron-donating 15-crown-5 as the sole type of peripheral substituent. In contrast, n-type devices with a carrier mobility (for electrons) of 6.7 × 10-6-1.6 × 10-4 cm2 V-1 s-1 were achieved for 1-5 with electron-withdrawing octyloxycarbonyl substituents at the peripheral positions of phthalocyanine ring, indicating the significant effect of electron-withdrawing octyloxycarbonyl substituents on tuning the nature of phthalocyanine organic semiconductors. The present results represent the first example of solution-processed n-type phthalocyanine-based OFET devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18552-18559
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number46
StatePublished - Dec 14 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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