The electro-adsorption chiller: Performance rating of a novel miniaturized cooling cycle for electronics cooling

K. C. Ng*, M. A. Sai, A. Chakraborty, B. B. Saha, S. Koyama

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The paper describes the successful amalgamation of the thermoelectric and the adsorpion cycles into a combined electro-adsorption chiller (EAC). The symbiotic union produces an efficiency or COP (coefficient of performance) more than threefold when compared with their individual cycles. The experiments conducted on the bench-scale prototype show that it can meet high cooling loads, typically 120 W with an evaporator foot print of 25 cm2, that is 5 W/cm2 at the heated surface temperature of 22° C, which is well below that of the room temperature. The COPs of the EAC chiller vary from 0.7 to 0.8, which is comparable to the theoretical maximum of about 1.1 at the same operating conditions. With a copper-foam cladded evaporator, the high cooling rates have been achieved with a low temperature difference. In addition to meeting high cooling rates, the EAC is unique as (i) it has almost no moving parts and hence has silent operation, (ii) it is environmentally friendly as it uses a nonharmful adsorbent (silica gel), and (iii) water is used as the refrigerant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)889-896
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Volume128
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electro-adsorption cycle
  • Electronic cooling
  • Miniaturized chiller
  • Silica gelwater adsorption cycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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