Taylor-plasticity-based analysis of length scale effects in void growth

Junxian Liu, Murat Demiral, Tamer S. El Sayed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have studied the void growth problem by employing the Taylor-based strain gradient plasticity theories, from which we have chosen the following three, namely, the mechanism-based strain gradient (MSG) plasticity (Gao et al 1999 J. Mech. Phys. Solids 47 1239, Huang et al 2000 J. Mech. Phys. Solids 48 99-128), the Taylor-based nonlocal theory (TNT; 2001 Gao and Huang 2001 Int. J. Solids Struct. 38 2615) and the conventional theory of MSG (CMSG; Huang et al 2004 Int. J. Plast. 20 753). We have addressed the following three issues which occur when plastic deformation at the void surface is unconstrained. (1) Effects of elastic deformation. Elasticity is essential for cavitation instability. It is therefore important to guarantee that the gradient term entering the Taylor model is the effective plastic strain gradient instead of the total strain gradient. We propose a simple elastic-plastic decomposition method. When the void size approaches the minimum allowable initial void size related to the maximum allowable geometrically necessary dislocation density, overestimation of the flow stress due to the negligence of the elastic strain gradient is on the order of lεY/R0 near the void surface, where l, εY and R0 are, respectively, the intrinsic material length scale, the yield strain and the initial void radius. (2) MSG intrinsic inconsistency, which was initially mentioned in Gao et al (1999 J. Mech. Phys. Solids 47 1239) but has not been the topic of follow-up studies. We realize that MSG higher-order stress arises due to the linear-strain-field approximation within the mesoscale cell with a nonzero size, lε. Simple analysis shows that within an MSG mesoscale cell near the void surface, the difference between microscale and mesoscale strains is on the order of (lε/R0)2, indicating that when lε/R0 ∼ 1.0, the higher-order stress effect can make the MSG result considerably different from the TNT or CMSG results. (3) Critical condition for cavitation instability. When Taylor plasticity replaces classical plasticity as the flow rule, the critical cavitation condition, appearing when the derivative of the externally imposed mean stress with respect to the current void radius becomes zero, is rewritten analytically according to the Leibniz relation and found to be very different from the classical counterpart.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)075005
JournalModelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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