Tailoring highly conductive graphene nanoribbons from small polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: a computational study

A Bilić, S Sanvito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pyrene, the smallest two-dimensional mesh of aromatic rings, with various terminal thiol substitutions, has been considered as a potential molecular interconnect. Charge transport through two terminal devices has been modeled using density functional theory (with and without self interaction correction) and the non-equilibrium Green's function method. A tetra-substituted pyrene, with dual thiol terminal groups at opposite ends, has been identified as an excellent candidate, owing to its high conductance, virtually independent of bias voltage. The two possible extensions of its motif generate two series of graphene nanoribbons, with zigzag and armchair edges and with semimetallic and semiconducting electron band structure, respectively. The effects related to the wire length and the bias voltage on the charge transport have been investigated for both sets. The conductance of the nanoribbons with a zigzag edge does not show either length or voltage dependence, owing to an almost perfect electron transmission with a continuum of conducting channels. In contrast, for the armchair nanoribbons a slow exponential attenuation of the conductance with the length has been found, due to their semiconducting nature. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275301
JournalJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Volume25
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 14 2013
Externally publishedYes

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