Tailored heterojunctions for efficient thin-film organic solar cells: A photoinduced absorption study

R. Schueppel*, K. Schmidt, C. Uhrich, K. Schulze, D. Wynands, Jean-Luc Bredas, B. Maennig, M. Pfeiffer, K. Leo, E. Brier, E. Reinold, H. B. Bu, P. Baeuerle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, we have demonstrated an open circuit voltage of 1.0V and a power conversion efficiency of 3.4% in thin film solar cells, utilizing a new acceptor-substituted oligothiophene with an optical gap of 1.77 eV as donor and C60 as acceptor [1]. Stimulated by this result, we systematically study the energy and electron transfer processes taking place at the oligothiophene:fullerene heterojunction along a homologous series of these oligothiophenes, The heterojunction is modified by tuning the HOMO level using different oligothiophene chain lengths, while the LUMO level is essentially fixed by the choice of the acceptor-type end-groups (dicyanovinyl) attached to the oligothiophene. We study electron transfer at the heterojunction to C 60 using photoinduced absorption. The observed transitions are unambiguously identified by TD-DFT calculations. With increasing the effective energy gap of the donor-acceptor pair, charge carrier dissociation following the photoinduced electron transfer is eventually replaced by recombination into the triplet: state, which alters the photovoltaic operation conditions. Therefore, the optimum open-circuit voltage of a solar cell is a trade-off between an efficient charge separation at the interface and a maximized effective gap. We conclude that values between 1.0 and 1.1 V for the open-circuit voltage in our solar cell devices present an optimum, as higher voltages were only achieved with concomitant losses in charge separation efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOrganic Photovoltaics VIII
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
EventOrganic Photovoltaics VIII - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 28 2007Aug 30 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6656
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherOrganic Photovoltaics VIII
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period08/28/0708/30/07

Keywords

  • Donor-acceptor heterojunction
  • Open circuit voltage
  • Organic solar cells
  • Triplet recombination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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