Synthesis, characterization and density functional theory study of low cost hydrazone sensitizers

A. G. Al-Sehemi, A. Irfan, A. M. Asiri, Y. A. Ammar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2015 Chemical Society of Ethiopia The 2-{4-[2-benzylidenehydrazino]phenyl}ethylene-1,1,2-tricarbonitrile (System 1), 2-{4-[2-(1- naphthylmethylene)hydrazino]phenyl}ethylene-1,1,2-tricarbonitrile (System 2) and 2-{4-[2-(9-anthrylmethylene)- hydrazino]phenyl}ethylene-1,1,2-tricarbonitrile (System 3) were synthesized by direct tricyanovinylation of hydrazones. The bathochromic shift in absorption spectra has been observed by increasing the solvent polarity. The FTIR spectra of these new dyes exhibited three important absorption bands. The first band centered near 3260 cm-1 in System 1 while 3208 cm-1 and 3211 cm-1 in System 2 and System 3 for the vNH absorption, respectively. The second band is a sharp absorption band in the region of 2212-2209 cm-1, which was attributed to the cyano group absorption. The third is an absorption band in the region of 1611-1603 cm-1 ascribed for the C=N. Density functional theory (DFT) calculation of relative energies, relative enthalpies and free energies shows that E isomers are the most stable except System 3 in which the most stable is Z isomers. The conformational energy profile shows two maxima near (-90 and 90°) while three local minima observed at (-180, 0 and 180) for N1-N2-C1-C2 torsional angle. The highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs) are localized on the whole molecules while lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (LUMOs) are distributed on the tricarbonitrile.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137
JournalBulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 18 2015
Externally publishedYes

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