Synthesis and surface properties of amphiphilic star-shaped and dendrimer-like copolymers based on polystyrene core and poly(ethylene oxide) corona

Raju Francis, Daniel Taton, Jennifer L. Logan, Pascal Masse, Yves Gnanou*, Randolph S. Duran

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

141 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polystyrene (PS)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) amphiphilic star-block copolymers and dendrimer-like architectures were prepared using a core-first method. PS stars were first obtained by atom transfer radical polymerization using three and four functional benzyl halides. The chain ends of these star polymers were subsequently modified to generate either the same or twice the number of hydroxyl groups that served to grow the PEO blocks by anionic polymerization of ethylene oxide. Well-defined PS n -b-PEO n (n = 3 or 4) stars and PS 3 -b-PEO 6 dendrimer-like copolymers exhibiting a monomodal and narrow molar mass distribution were obtained in this way. When spread at the air/water interface, these stars proved to be surface active, forming stable reproducible films. Isotherms yielded A 0 (theoretical surface area occupied by a film at zero pressure) values, allowing for quantitative comparisons between the stars and linear diblock analogues. Both structures demonstrated similar behavior, passing from liquid expanded regins to highly compressed structures at comparable molecular areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8253-8259
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecules
Volume36
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 4 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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