Synthesis and properties of fluoro-polyetherimides

Rohitkumar H. Vora, Suat Hong Goh, Tai-Shung Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of amorphous fluoro-polyetherimides based on 2,2′-bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl) hexafluropropane dianhydride (6FDA) and di-ether-containing diamines 4,4′-bis(3-aminophenoxy)diphenyl sulfone (m-SED), 4,4′-bis(4-aminophenoxy)diphenyl sulfone (p-SED), 4,4′-bis(4-aminophenoxy)diphenyl propane (BPADE) were synthesized. These melt processable polyetherimide polymers from p-SED and BPADE showed excellent electrical properties. The dielectric constants, 2.74 and 2.65 at 10 MHz respectively, are lower than commercially available polyetherimide ULTEM 1000, and polyimide Kapton H films. In addition, we found that trifluoromethyl groups-containing polyimides not only show extraordinary electrical properties, but they also exhibit excellent long-term thermo-oxidative stability and reduced water absorption relative to non-fluorinated polyimides. The weight retention of these fluoro-polyetherimides at 315°C for 300 h in air varies from 93% to 98%. Whereas, their moisture absorption at 100 RH at 50°C was in the range of 0.3% to 1.05%, which is much lower than those of Ultem 1000 and Kapton H. In the case of fluoro-polyetherimides from p-SED and m-SED (para and meta isomers) diamines with 'ether' and sulfonyl (-SO2) spacer groups, the d-spacing and Tg values decreased from 4.72 angstrom to 4.56 angstrom and 293°C to 244°C respectively. Similarly, the transparency of these polymer films (in the range of 80% to 90%) at 500 nm solar wave-length was higher than Ultem 1000 and Kapton H.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1318-1329
Number of pages12
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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