Synthesis and gas permeation properties of poly(4-methyl-2-pentyne)

A. Morisato, Ingo Pinnau*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poly(4-methyl-2-pentyne) [PMP] is an amorphous, glassy, di-substituted acetylene-based polymer. PMP has a low density of 0.78 g/cm3 and a high fractional free volume of 0.28. The permeabilities for helium, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, methane, ethane, propane, and n-butane were determined at temperatures from 20 to 65°C and pressures from 10 to 150 psig. PMP is the most permeable purely hydrocarbon-based polymer known; its permeabilities are only exceeded by poly(1-trimethylsilyl-1-propyne) [PTMSP] and poly(1-trimethylgermyl-1-propyne) [PTMGeP]. The oxygen permeability of PMP at 25°C is 2700 X 10-10 cm3(STP) cm/cm2 s cmHg and the nitrogen permeability is 1330 X 10-10 cm3(STP) cm/cd2 cmHg. The high gas permeabilities in PMP result from its very high free volume, and probably, interconnectivity of the free free-volume=elements. Fora glassy polymer, PMP exhibits unusual organic vapor permeation properties. Permeabilities in PMP are higher for large, condensable gases, such as n-butane, than for small, permanent gases such as helium. The permeabilities of condensable gases and permanent gases decrease as the temperature is increased. This behavior is completely unexpected for a glassy polymer and has been observed previously in only high-free-volume glassy PTMSP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-250
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume121
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 1996

Keywords

  • Gas and vapor permeation
  • Gas separations
  • Poly(4-methyl-2-pentyne)
  • Polyacetylenes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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