Surface organo-metallic chemistry on metals can be a new route to generate supported bimetallic catalysts. According to previous works on Pt-Sn catalysts, the reaction of tetra n-butyl-tin on the reduced platinum surface leads to well-defined bimetallic catalysts which are very active and selective in the dehydrogenation of isobutane into isobutene. The presence of tin not only isolates the surface platinum atoms from each other (EXAFS) and thus prevents a fast deactivation by decreasing the processes of C-C bond cleavage but also favors the regeneration processes under air. So far the catalyst preparations were carried out either in the gas phase or in organic solution (e.g. heptane). However, in order to meet the industrial criteria of process simplicity, there is a need to carry out such catalyst preparation in water. In this work, Pt-Sn/Al2O3 and Pt-Sn/SiO2 catalysts was prepared by reacting tris n-butyl-tin hydroxide on the platinum surface, in water solution under atmospheric pressure of hydrogen. The kinetics of the reaction was followed by measuring the amount of butane evolved as a function of time. The solids obtained were characterized by CO, O2 or H2 chemisorption and electron microscopy (CTEM and EDAX). Clearly, the (n-Bu)3Sn(OH) reacts selectively on the platinum surface and not with the support, with evolution of butane, leading to a bimetallic catalyst where the platinum atoms are isolated from each other by the tin atoms. Very high selectivities (>95%) and activities were obtained for the reaction of isobutane dehydrogenation into isobutene and it was concluded that surface organo-metallic chemistry on metal in water can be an alternative route to prepare well-defined supported bimetallic Pt-Sn catalysts.
- Platinum-tin catalysts
- Surface organometallic chemistry on metal
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