Surface organometallic chemistry on metals applied to the environment: Hydrogenolysis of AsPh3 with nickel supported on alumina

Yu A. Ryndin, J. P. Candy, B. Didillon, L. Savary, Jean-Marie Maurice Basset

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reaction of AsPh3 with Ni/Al2O3 at 100 to 200°C under 6 to 30 bars of hydrogen has been followed by kinetic analysis of both the consumption of AsPh3 and the evolution of benzene and cyclohexane as well as magnetic and XRD measurements of the metallic and intermetallic phase(s). The reaction proceeds via complete hydrogenolysis of the As-Ph bonds, with final formation of a well-characterized NiAs alloy (XRD). The mechanism of alloy formation is complex: at low coverage of the nickel surface, stepwise hydrogenolysis of the As-Ph bonds leads to the formation of the surface organometallic fragments Nis[AsPhx]y (kinetic studies and analytical data). Further hydrogenolysis of these fragments progressively leads to the formation of arsenic "adatoms" which quickly migrate inside the nickel particles to form NiAs0.45 amorphous intermetallic phases (XRD and magnetic measurements). The reaction then proceeds slowly up to the As/Ni ratio of unity with formation of the crystalline NiAs "nickeline" phase (XRD).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-108
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume198
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Arsine removal
  • NiAs alloy formation
  • Surface organometallic chemistry on metal
  • Triphenylarsine hydrogenolysis on nickel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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