Superior gas separation performance of dual-layer hollow fiber membranes with an ultrathin dense-selective layer

Yi Li, Tai-Shung Chung*, Youchang Xiao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

A concept demonstration has been made to simultaneously enhance both O2 and CO2 gas permeance and O2/N2 and CO2/CH4 selectivity via intelligently decoupling the effects of elongational and shear rates on dense-selective layer and optimizing spinning conditions in dual-layer hollow fiber fabrication. The dual-layer polyethersulfone hollow fiber membranes developed in this work exhibit an O2/N2 selectivity of 6.96 and an O2 permeance of 4.79 GPU which corresponds to an ultrathin dense-selective layer of 918 Å at room temperature. These hollow fibers also show an impressive CO2/CH4 selectivity of 49.8 in the mixed gas system considering the intrinsic value of only 32 for polyethersulfone dense films. To our best knowledge, this is the first time to achieve such a high CO2/CH4 selectivity without incorporating any material modification. The above gas separation performance demonstrates that the optimization of dual-layer spinning conditions with balanced elongational and shear rates is an effective approach to produce superior hollow fiber membranes for oxygen enrichment and natural gas separation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-27
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume325
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2008

Keywords

  • Dual-layer hollow fiber membrane
  • Elongational draw ratio
  • Gas separation
  • Shear rate
  • Ultrathin dense-selective layer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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