Supercritical fluid extraction: A study on metal recovery and regeneration of β-diketones and organophosphorus extractants

C. Kersch*, G. J. Witkamp, G. F. Woerlee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

For the design of extraction processes that are feasible both environmentally and economically, suitable extractants are required that result in high extraction and that are recyclable. Therefore, the relation between metal-complex stability and extractant dissociation at standard conditions has been investigated. Complex stability versus dissociation of extractants with non-coordinating side chains resulted in a linear reference line. This line helps tinding extractants optimised for both extraction (of metals) and recovery (of extractants and metals). The solubilities of acetylacetonate complexes with Cu, Zn, Ni, and Co in supercritical CO2 were determined. Regeneration experiments under supercritical conditions have been carried out using a packed countercurrent column. Metal recovery of Cu, Zn, Ni, and Co from supercritical CO2 into nitric acid was shown by decomplexation from both a β-diketone (acetylacetone) and an organophosphorus compound (Cyanex 272).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-212
Number of pages24
JournalSolvent Extraction and Ion Exchange
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • β-diketone
  • Dissociation
  • Extraction
  • Metal-complex
  • Organophosphorus
  • Recovery
  • Supercritical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Filtration and Separation

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