Supercapacitors based on two dimensional VO2 nanosheet electrodes in organic gel electrolyte

Rakhi Raghavan Baby, Doddahalli H. Nagaraju, Pierre Beaujuge, Husam N. Alshareef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

VO2 is a low band-gap semiconductor with relatively high conductivity among transition metal oxides, which makes it an interesting material for supercapacitor electrode applications. The performance of VO2 as supercapacitor electrode in organic electrolytes has never been reported before. Herein, two-dimensional nanosheets of VO2 are prepared by the simultaneous solution reduction and exfoliation from bulk V2O5 powder by hydrothermal method. A specific capacitance of 405 Fg−1 is achieved for VO2 based supercapacitor in an organic electrolyte, in three electrode configuration. The symmetric capacitor based on VO2 nanosheet electrodes and the liquid organic electrolyte exhibits an energy density of 46 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 1.4 kW kg−1 at a constant current density of 1 Ag−1. Furthermore, flexible solid-state supercapacitors are fabricated using same electrode material and Alumina-silica based gel electrolyte. The solid-state device delivers a specific capacitance of 145 Fg−1 and a device capacitance of 36 Fg−1 at a discharge current density of 1 Ag−1. Series combination of three solid state capacitors is capable of lighting up a red LED for more than 1 minute.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)601-608
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume220
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 2016

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