Subsurface CO2 leakage: Lab-scale study of salient characteristics and assessment of borehole-based detection using resistivity tomography

E. S. Bang*, J. S. Son, J. C. Santamarina

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

A unique laboratory facility is developed for the observation of subsurface CO2 leakage evolution. A thin transparent tank is filled with different sizes of glass-beads to form controlled layered stratigraphies; then the medium is saturated with water mixed with a universal pH indicator. The flow-controlled injection of CO2 is carefully controlled using pressure transducers with precise needle valve and, time-lapse photography permits capturing the evolution of gas invasion and diffusion. Results show the nature of CO2 gas migration in the near surface, the effect of fine-grained layers such as the cap-rock, water acidification near conduits and subsequent diffusion, the convection of carbonated water. In addition to this trial to understand salient characteristics on subsurface CO2 leakage, applicability of borehole based resistivity tomography is assessed. Measurement system for resistivity tomography is attached to the CO2 gas migration monitoring system. Produced resistivity images are compared with time-lapse digital images taken during CO2 gas leakage simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGEOTECHNICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL SITE CHARACTERIZATION 4, VOLS I AND II
EditorsRQ Coutinho, PW Mayne
PublisherCRC PRESS-TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP
Pages1441-1446
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2013
Event4th International Conference on Site Characterization (ISC) - Porto Galinhas, Brazil
Duration: Sep 17 2012Sep 21 2012

Conference

Conference4th International Conference on Site Characterization (ISC)
CountryBrazil
CityPorto Galinhas
Period09/17/1209/21/12

Keywords

  • CO2 leakage
  • carbonated water
  • convection
  • diffusion
  • monitoring
  • resistivity tomography

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