We report electroabsorption studies of electric fields in organic light emitting diodes made from substituted poly(para-phenylene vinylene) derivatives and solar cells made from zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) and perylenetetracarboxylic diimide (PTCDI). The electric field in LEDs is not proportional to the applied bias due to the development of an internal electric field during operation that opposes the applied bias. This counter field is weaker for devices measured in vacuum than for those measured in an ambient atmosphere and is no longer apparent for devices that were prepared and tested under an inert atmosphere. We also observed that the built-in potential increased with operating time. The combination of these two processes leads to an increase in the turn-on voltage of organic LEDs with increasing operating time. We have detected an electric field at the electrode/organic interface of organic solar cells which is insensitive to the external DC bias. The interface field has a different spectral signature from that of the bulk of the two layers and is attributed to charged transfer-induced dipoles. Rectifying behavior due to the formation of a pn junction under illumination is observed in bilayer solar cells, but not single layer devices made from ZnPc or PTCDI.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|Publisher||Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers Bellingham, WA, United States|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|