Structures and properties of metal-free and copper tetrakis(thiadiazole) porphyrazine and metal-free tetrakis(selenodiazole) porphyrazine based on density functional theory calculations

Xue Cai, Yuexing Zhang, Xianxi Zhang, Jianzhuang Jiang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT calculations were carried out to comparatively describe the molecular structures, atomic charges, molecular orbital, UV-vis spectra, and infrared (IR) spectra of metal-free and copper tetrakis(thiadiazole) porphyrazine and metal-free tetrakis(selenodiazole) porphyrazine. The calculated structures, electronic absorption, and IR spectra of TTDPzH2 (1), TSeDPzH2 (2), and Cu(TTDPz) (3) [(TTDPz)2- = dianion of tetrakis(thiadiazole) porphyrazine; (TSeDPz)2- = dianion of tetrakis (selenodiazole) porphyrazine] are in good consistency with the experimental results. In comparison with metal-free phthalocyanine, the presence of soft atoms such as S or Se together with the N atoms in the peripheral heterocyclic rings of tetraazaporphyrin has significant effect on the charge density distribution of Cβ atoms, while the charges of other atoms change very little. Media effects have little influence on the charge distribution of TTDPzH2 (1) and TTDPzCu (3) with the largest charge difference of only 0.03e. Comparison between the orbital energies of TTDPzH2 (1) in vacuum system, dichloromethane, and chlorobenzene, and of TTDPzCu (3) in vacuum system and chlorobenzene indicates that the absolute orbital energies are sensitive to the solvent but the HOMO-LUMO energy gap is not significantly altered. According to our calculation results, the natures of the main transitions in electronic absorption spectra of the three compounds have been assigned. With the assistance of animated pictures produced on the basis of the normal coordinates, the vibration modes in the IR spectra of all the three compounds were also identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-70
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM
Volume812
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2007

Keywords

  • Density functional theory (DFT) calculations
  • IR spectrum
  • Tetrakis(selenodiazole) porphyrazine
  • Tetrakis(thiadiazole) porphyrazine
  • UV-vis spectrum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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