Structures and properties of 1,8,15,22-tetrasubstituted phthalocyaninato zinc and nickel complexes: Substitution and axially coordination effects study based on density functional theory calculations

Liang Wan, Yuexing Zhang*, Dongdong Qi, Jianzhuang Jiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

On the basis of the density functional theory (DFT) calculation of ZnPc (1), Zn[Pc(α-OC5H11)4] (2), Ni[Pc(α-OC5H11)4] (3), and Zn[Pc(α-OC5H11)4]·H2O (4), the effects of non-peripheral substitution, different transition metals, and axial water coordination on the molecular structure, molecular orbital, atomic charge, infrared (IR) spectrum, and electronic absorption spectrum were investigated. The calculation results reveal that bulky 3-pentyloxy groups at the non-peripheral positions of the phthalocyanine ring evince great changes in structure and properties: they deflect the isoindole units, lift the frontier molecular orbitals, alter the atomic charge distribution, shift the bands of IR and electronic absorption spectra, etc. Though the central metal can shorten or lengthen the bond length, its effect on the electronic structure and properties of the phthalocyanine complex is very limited. Axial coordination significantly enhances the non-planarity of the phthalocyanine ring and, thus, alters the electronic structure, which is important for the formation of novel dimeric supramolecular structures through intermolecular hydrogen bonds. In addition, the calculated structures of 3 as well as the simulated IR and electronic absorption spectra of 4 were compared with the experimental data and showed good agreement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)842-851
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling
Volume28
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

Keywords

  • Density functional theory
  • Electronic absorption spectra
  • IR spectra
  • Phthalocyanine
  • Substitution effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Materials Chemistry

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