Structure and stability of Keplerian magnetohydrodynamic jets

Thibaut Lery, Adam Frank

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Abstract

MHD jet equilibria that depend on source properties are obtained using a simplified model for stationary, axisymmetric and rotating magnetized outflows (Lery et al.). The present rotation laws are more complex than previously considered and include a Keplerian disc. The ensuing jets have a dense, current-carrying central core surrounded by an outer collar with a return current. The intermediate part of the jet is almost current-free and is magnetically dominated. Most of the momentum is located around the axis in the dense core, and this region is likely to dominate the dynamics of the jet. We address the linear stability and the nonlinear development of instabilities for our models using both analytical and 2.5 dimensional numerical simulations. The instabilities seen in the simulations develop with a wavelength and growth time that are well matched by the stability analysis. The modes explored in this work may provide a natural explanation for knots observed in astrophysical jets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-910
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume533
Issue number2 PART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ISM: jets and outflows
  • Instabilities
  • MHD
  • Stars: formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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