Structure and Phase Regulation in MoxC (α-MoC1-x/β-Mo2C) to Enhance Hydrogen Evolution

Xiangyong Zhang, Junchao Wang, Ting Guo, Tianying Liu, Zhuangzhi Wu, Luigi Cavallo, Zhen Cao, Dezhi Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Non-precious metal-based efficient electrocatalysts with superior activity and stability for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) are useful in solving energy and environmental crises. Herein, monodisperse inverse opal-like MoxC (α-MoC1-x/β-Mo2C) nanospheres were synthesized via a facile strategy to adjust the intrinsic activity and maximize the exposed active sites. In particular, the MoxC-0.4 with the optimal composition of α-MoC1-x/β-Mo2C (0.56/0.44) demonstrated a superior HER performance in 0.5 M H2SO4 with a small Tafel slope of 48 mV dec-1 and remarkable stability. Such prominent performance not only benefits from the inverse opal-like structure that provides more active sites for HER, but also should be ascribed to the strong synergistic effect between α-MoC1-x and β-Mo2C. Based on theoretical calculations, it is further verified that the synergistic effect of MoxC-0.4 is originated from the optimization of interaction with the H* induced by the heterostructure. Furthermore, this work will broaden our vision for highly efficient hydrogen production by bridging the microscopic structure with macroscopic catalytic performance.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-85
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume247
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2019

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